?!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> mayisoft 电气百科:BURKERT宝德气体涡轮流量计在实际应用中存在的哪些问题?/title><meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=EmulateIE7" /><meta name="description" content="一、主要特点:1、精度高、无零点漂移、高量程比、重复性好。由于涡轮流量计采用的是高质量的轴承和独特的导流片,大大增强了它的抗磨损性能,而且还能够在恶劣的环境下进行测量,测量数据不失真?、采用的是脉?.."><meta name="keywords" content="BURKERT,宝德,气体涡轮流量?实际应用"> <link href="/style/Template/public.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" /> <link href="/style/Template/tech.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" /> <!-- Google Tag Manager --> <noscript><iframe src="//www.googletagmanager.com/ns.html?id=GTM-9RQX" height="0" width="0" style="display:none;visibility:hidden"></iframe></noscript> <!-- End Google Tag Manager --> </head> <body> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="tech_box"> <!-- header begin --> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="header"> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="head_top_nav"> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="index_home"><a href="http://salescamper.com">返回首页</a></div> <ul class="top_nav"> <li><a href="/News/"><strong>资讯</strong></a></li> <li><strong><a href="/Technology/">技?/a></strong></li> <li><strong><a href="/ProductCenter/">产品</a></strong></li> <li><strong><a href="/Exhibition/">展会</a></strong></li> <li><strong><a href="/Brand/">品牌</a></strong></li> <li><strong></strong></li> <li><a href="/Topic/">专题</a></li> <li></li> <li><a href="/Activity/ExcellentCompany/" target="_blank">活动</a></li> <li><a href="/Material/MaterialList0/">下载</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList8/">论文</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList31/">行情</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList11/">培训</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList5/">访谈</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList9/">应用</a></li> <li></li> <li class="nav_font"><a href="/Telents/">人才</a></li> <li class="nav_font"></li> <li class="nav_font"></li> </ul> </div> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="header_cen"> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="logo"> <a href="http://salescamper.com/"> <img src="/images/temp/logo.png" width="153" height="40" alt="中国工业电器? /> </a> </div> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="header_nav"> <ul class="nav_font1"><li></li><li></li><li><a href="http://wyq.cnelc.com/">稳压?/a><a href="http://bpq.cnelc.com/">变频?/a><a href="http://salescamper.com/setMap.html">更多>></a></li></ul><ul><li style="font-weight: bold;"></li><li></li><li></li></ul><ul><li style="font-weight: bold;"></li><li></li></ul> </div> </div> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="top_ad_search"> <div class="top_ad" id="TechDetailsAdPostion1"><img style="display:none" src="/images/temp/ad17.gif" onload="getAdvertisement('TechnologyDetails','TechDetailsAdPostion1')" /></div> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="top_search"> <div id="nsev3iiik" style="float:left; width:170px;">  <input name="input" style="width:120px;" id="keyword" type="text" class="top_input1" value="请输入关键字" onmouseover="this.focus();this.select();" onclick=" if (value == defaultValue) { value = ''; this.style.color = '#000' }" onblur="if(!value){value=defaultValue;this.style.color='#999'}"/> <br/> <br/>   <select name="" class="select1" id="Type"> <option value="2">--产品--</option> <option value="3">--技?-</option> <option value="1">--资讯--</option> <option value="5">--招聘--</option> <option value="4">--展会--</option> </select> </div> <div id="nsev3iiik" style="float:left; width:45px;"> <input name="input2" type="button" class="top_but1" value=" " onclick="Search()" /> </div> </div> </div> <!-- mainnav begin --> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="tech_mainnav"> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="tech_name"><span style="font-"></span></div> <ul> <li><a href="/Technology/">技术首?/a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList17/">技术动?/a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList8/">专业论文</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList9/">方案应用</a></li> <li><a href="/Material/MaterialList0/">资料下载</a></li> <li><a href="/User/">有奖征稿</a></li> <li style="background:none">专家有约</li> </ul> </div> </div> <!-- header end --> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="now_position">  <strong>您正在访问:</strong> <a href="http://salescamper.com/" target="_blank">网站首页</a> >> <a href="/Technology/" target="_blank">技术中?/a> >> <a href="/Article/ArticleList32/" target="_blank">电气百科</a> >> <span>正文</span></div> <!-- main_content begin--> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="maincontent"> <!-- left begin --> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="news_left"> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="brand_news_details"> <h1>电气百科:BURKERT宝德气体涡轮流量计在实际应用中存在的哪些问题?/h1><table style="border-bottom:1px dotted #e4e4e4;" align="center"><tr><td><div id="nsev3iiik" class="news_mes">文章来源:【互联网?作者:??点击?span id="HitNum"></span>?时间?span id="dTime">2019/6/28 17:18:12</span><input type="hidden" id="ID" value="100899002"/><input type="hidden" id="TypeID" value="2"/></div> </td> <td><div id="ckepop"></div></td></tr></table><div id="Content" style="display:none;">[电气百科:BURKERT宝德气体涡轮流量计在实际应用中存在的哪些问题?]:一、主要特点:1、精度高、无零点漂移、高量程比、重复性好。由于涡轮流量计采用的是高质量的轴承和独特的导流片,大大增强了它的抗磨损性能,而且还能够在恶劣的环境下进行测量,测量数据不失真?、采用的是脉?..</div><div id="nsev3iiik" class="brand_news_con"><p style="text-indent:2em;"> 一、主要特点: </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 1、精度高、无零点漂移、高量程比、重复性好。由于涡轮流量计采用的是高质量的轴承和独特的导流片,大大增强了它的抗磨损性能,而且还能够在恶劣的环境下进行测量,测量数据不失真?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 2、采用的是脉冲输出信号,容易对信号进行数字化?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 3、采用了先进的超低功耗单片微机技术,使得整体的功能增强、功耗降低,从而使它的各项性能也更加优越?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 4、涡轮流量计的叶轮具有防腐的效果,外部采用的也是全不锈钢结构,本身具有较强的抗磁干扰和振动能力,大大增强了仪表的使用年限?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 5、维修容易,而且其内部含有自整流的结构,小型轻巧,结构简单,可以在很短的时间内将其组合完成?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 二、涡轮流量计在天然气流量计量中的应用 </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 气体涡轮流量计正广泛的应用于天然气贸易结算过程中。选用气体涡轮流量计计量天然气流量之前,首先要正确安装气体涡轮流量计,安装之前,要确认输气管线是清洁的,且没有水、脏污等,如果被测天然气中含有杂质,必须要添加过滤器,防止涡轮流量计损坏。涡轮流量计在安装的时候应该要保持水平,尽量不要垂直安装,如果天然气管道中含有水,则涡轮流量计要倾斜摆放,保证天然气能够从流量计中出来。天然气的传输方向要与涡轮流量计上标注的方向一致,不得反方向安装。一般推荐在涡轮流量计的入口和出口端各加接一段直管,入口端长度要不小?0倍管段内径,出口端长度不小于5倍管段内径,或者可以在阻流设备与涡轮流量计之间安装整流器?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 三、气体涡轮流量计在实际应用中存在的问题及相关建议 </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 由于各种因素的影响,在实际应用的过程中还是存在一些问题的。常见的问题有:无信号、运转速度忽慢忽快、涡轮流量计不计数、负偏差增加(准确度降低)以及设计流量与实际流量不匹配等等?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> BURKERT宝德气体涡轮流量计在实际应用中存在的哪些问题?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 1、对于无信号的情况,要先检查电源,检查电源没问题后再对涡轮流量计本身进行检查,并判断是一次仪表还是二次仪表的故障,如果二次仪表没有问题,则检查信号线是否正确连接,如果仍然无信号输出,也有可能是流体的流速太慢或者传感器出现了问题,导致检测不到信号?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 2、对于运转速度忽慢忽快的情况,首先可以通过调整仪表系数来控制速度,如果仪表系数变化较大,也可以检查插入杆深度是否恰当,大多数情况下,是由于叶轮无法运转,流量计内部含有污物,可以使用盐酸来清洗污物?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 3、对于涡轮流量计不计数的情况,可能是由于电源或者开关接触不良导致的,所以要对涡轮流量计内部的器件进行检查,检查各个部件是否出现故障,如果出现了故障,要及时修理或更换零件?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 4、作为速度式流量计,随着运行时间的增加(通常在运行两年后),内部轴承会逐渐磨损,容易造成叶轮转速变慢(与正常相比),计量负偏差增大,从而引起计量偏少的现象,对大流量的计量影响尤为突出。建议改善方式:与生产厂家及代理商积极沟通,进行有针对性的维护或者干脆定期更换轴承?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 5、在计量管理中,常常会遇到流量表设计流量与实际流量不匹配的问题:要么设计流量过大,起步流量高,投产后造成小流量时不能正常计量甚至不计量(俗称“大马拉小车”);要么设计流量过小而造成过载运行甚至流量计损坏(俗称“小马拉打车”)。避免上述问题的发生,需要在仪表选型前,充分掌握下游用气单位及用气设备的负荷情况,考虑到相关的影响因素;同时,运行中随着用气情况的变化对计量表也要作相应调整。这些也是对输差控制的一项重要手段?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 四、作为贸易计量仪表,利用涡轮流量计进行天然气流量计量,在我国天然气流量计量中的应用已相当的广泛。因此,作为管理单位,需要加强规范化管理:建立相应运行档案,定期对涡轮流量计进行维护保养,按时查看其安全性和运行状态并进行数据备份,严格按照使用说明书进行操作,执行法定周期检定制度,保持同生产厂家的技术交流,适时进行技术升级更新,确保涡轮流量计安全、正常运行?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> <br /> </p></div><div id="nsev3iiik" class="meneame"><span class="disabled">< </span><span class="current">1</span> <span class="disabled">> </span></div> <div id="nsev3iiik" style="text-align: center;padding-top: 10px;"><img src="/images/code.jpg" alt="关注有惊?" /></div> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="news_bot_mes">中国工业电器网:此内容转载于合作媒体或互联网其它网站,中国工业电器网登载此文出于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其描述!</br>新闻、技术文章投稿QQ?28246603 邮箱:news@cnelc.com</div> <h2 class="related">相关阅读</h2> <ul class="related_con"> <li>· <a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899242_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:天然气流量计用什么计量表来测?/a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899240_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:饱和蒸汽流量计存在的问题与解决</a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899237_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:热电阻的具体结构特?/a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899236_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:BELIMO博力谋电动球阀拆卸</a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899234_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:DFL-2088智能压力传感?/a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899233_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:BERNSTEIN电感式传感器</a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899232_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:传感器技术及产业特点</a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899230_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:远传蒸汽流量计,高温蒸汽流量计</a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899228_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科?XZ旋片式真空泵特点及应用分</a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899226_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:倍加福接近开关常开型与常闭型的</a></li> </ul> </div> <!-- comments begin --> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="comments"> <h4>网友评论<span>已有<span id="PeNum" style="float:left;"></span>人参与评?img src="/images/temp/comments.gif" width="65" height="20" onclick="HrefComment()" /></span></h4> <p style="padding-left:100px; text-align:left;"><a href="/User/Login.aspx" target="_blank">用户登录</a>  <a href="/User/Registered.aspx" target="_blank">注册新用?/a>  <a href="/User/Registration/Forget.aspx" target="_blank">忘记密码?/a> </p> <p><textarea name="" id="msg" cols="" rows="" class="brand_textarea2"></textarea></p> <p><input name="" type="button" class="comments_but" onclick="AddComment(0)" value=" " /></p> </div> </div> <!-- right begin --> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="news_right"> <div class="brand_ad_260_2" id="TechDetailsAdPostion2"><img src="/images/temp/ad17.gif" style="display:none" onload="getAdvertisement('TechnologyDetails','TechDetailsAdPostion2')" /></div><h2 class="news_title260">教程排行<div id="nsev3iiik" class="more3"><a href="/news/">更多>></a></div></h2><ul class="box260 news_ico"><li>·<a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899242_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:天然气流量计用什?/a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899240_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:饱和蒸汽流量计存在</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899237_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:热电阻的具体结构特</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899236_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:BELIMO博力谋电动球</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899234_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:DFL-2088智能压力?/a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899233_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:BERNSTEIN电感式传</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899232_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:传感器技术及产业?/a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899230_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:远传蒸汽流量计,高</a></li></ul><h2 class="news_title260 mar_top">最新教?div class="more3"><a href="/news/">更多>></a></div></h2><ul class="box260"><li>·<a href="/text/32/190708/AD100899223_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:高压电缆外护套故障</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/190624/AD100898788_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:电动执行器的保护保</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/190618/AD100898470_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:LLQ-50-气体罗茨?/a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/190618/AD100898452_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:硫酸流量计的选型?/a></li><li>·<a href="/text/11/190524/AD100897666_1.html" target="_blank">“大咖云集,共享资源”最新峰</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/190522/AD100897518_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:冷热冲击试验机的分</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/190521/AD100897373_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:测量煤气流量计种类</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/190521/AD100897356_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:CKD接近开关的分类</a></li></ul><div class="brand_ad_260_2" id="TechDetailsAdPostion3"><img src="/images/temp/ad17.gif" style="display:none" onload="getAdvertisement('TechnologyDetails','TechDetailsAdPostion3')" /></div><h2 class="news_title260 mar_top">热点专题<div id="nsev3iiik" class="more3"><a href="/Topic/">更多>></a></div></h2><div id="nsev3iiik" class="box260"><ul class="list250_3"><li>· <a href="http://salescamper.com/special/jqr/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(440)">四大家族机器人产品专?/a></li><li>· <a href="http://salescamper.com/Special/2019053001/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(439)">通信产业变革前夜?G技术及?/a></li><li>· <a href="http://salescamper.com/Special/gjc/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(438)">一站式全网营销系统,让企业?/a></li><li>· <a href="http://salescamper.com/Special/2019052402/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(437)">视频专题:智能机器人 智能?/a></li><li>· <a href="http://salescamper.com/Special/2019052401/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(436)">第二届“一带一路”国际合作高</a></li><li>· <a href="http://salescamper.com/Special/2019051701/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(435)">2019年机器人产业发展与应用专</a></li><li>· <a href="http://salescamper.com/Special/2019042601/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(434)">泛在电力物联网的发展前景</a></li><li>· <a href="http://salescamper.com/Special/2019041901/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(433)">2019年光伏行业现状与前景专题</a></li></ul></div><div class="brand_ad_260_2" id="TechDetailsAdPostion4"><img src="/images/temp/ad17.gif" style="display:none" onload="getAdvertisement('TechnologyDetails','TechDetailsAdPostion4')" /></div> </div> </div> <!-- main_content end--> <!-- maincontent end --> <div id="nsev3iiik" class="bottom"> <p>本站声明:严禁任何单位和个人模仿、转载、抄袭及冒名中国工业电器网(cnelc.com?/p><p><a href="http://salescamper.com">中国工业电器?/a> | <a href="http://salescamper.com/Help/Job/">诚聘英才</a> | <a href="http://salescamper.com/help/H10.Html">关于我们</a> | <a href="http://salescamper.com/help/H7.Html">会员服务</a> | <a href="http://salescamper.com/help/H12.Html">广告服务</a>| <a href="http://salescamper.com/help/H14.Html">意见/业务</a> | <a href="http://salescamper.com/help/H15.Html">帮助中心</a> | <a href="http://salescamper.com/user/"> 在线投稿</a> | <a href="http://salescamper.com/Links/">友情链接</a> | <a href="http://salescamper.com/help/H16.Html">联系我们</a> |<a href="http://salescamper.com/SetMap.html" target="_blank">网站地图</a></p><p> 会员服务: 广告合作: 关键词推? 战略合作: 新闻投稿:<p>中国工业电器网服务热线:400-688-6377 合作电话?21-39983999 传真?21-39983888 邮编?01812 信箱:cn@cnelc.com新闻投稿邮箱:news@cnelc.com</p><p>上海总公司地址:上?金园一?99号(中国工业电器大厦) 法律顾问:浙江海昌律师事务所 江律?/p><p>增值电信业务经营许可证:沪B2-20180642 </p><p>上海易电网络科技有限公司 版权所?2012-2020</p><p></p><div id="nsev3iiik" style="width:300px;margin:0 auto; padding:20px 0;"></div> </div> </div> <script language="javascript" type="text/javascript" src="/wwwroot/js/e26a7cbb-4bec-4cf9-9adb-a186885cf5f9-tj.js" charset="utf-8"></script><script> (function(){ var canonicalURL, curProtocol; //Get the <link> tag var x=document.getElementsByTagName("link"); //Find the last canonical URL if(x.length > 0){ for (i=0;i<x.length;i++){ if(x[i].rel.toLowerCase() == 'canonical' && x[i].href){ canonicalURL=x[i].href; } } } //Get protocol if (!canonicalURL){ curProtocol = window.location.protocol.split(':')[0]; } else{ curProtocol = canonicalURL.split(':')[0]; } //Get current URL if the canonical URL does not exist if (!canonicalURL) canonicalURL = window.location.href; //Assign script content. Replace current URL with the canonical URL !function(){var e=/([http|https]:\/\/[a-zA-Z0-9\_\.]+\.baidu\.com)/gi,r=canonicalURL,t=document.referrer;if(!e.test(r)){var n=(String(curProtocol).toLowerCase() === 'https')?"https://sp0.baidu.com/9_Q4simg2RQJ8t7jm9iCKT-xh_/s.gif":"//api.share.baidu.com/s.gif";t?(n+="?r="+encodeURIComponent(document.referrer),r&&(n+="&l="+r)):r&&(n+="?l="+r);var i=new Image;i.src=n}}(window);})(); </script><style>#pl_css_ganrao{ display:none }</style></body> </html><div id="pl_css_ganrao" style="display: none;"><thead id='8a4pm'></thead><label id='8a4pm'><blockquote id='8a4pm'></blockquote></label><p id='8a4pm'></p><small id='8a4pm'><ul id='8a4pm'><bdo id='8a4pm'><dir id='8a4pm'></dir><noframes id='8a4pm'><li id='8a4pm'></li></noframes><small id='8a4pm'></small><ins id='8a4pm'></ins><blockquote id='8a4pm'></blockquote></bdo></ul></small><fieldset id='8a4pm'></fieldset><span id='8a4pm'></span><tfoot id='8a4pm'></tfoot><em id='8a4pm'></em><select id='8a4pm'></select><q id='8a4pm'><sub id='8a4pm'><i id='8a4pm'></i></sub><thead id='8a4pm'><strong id='8a4pm'></strong></thead></q><ul id='8a4pm'></ul><dir id='8a4pm'></dir><code id='8a4pm'><ins id='8a4pm'></ins></code><bdo id='8a4pm'><label id='8a4pm'><pre id='8a4pm'><fieldset id='8a4pm'></fieldset></pre></label></bdo><big id='8a4pm'><ul id='8a4pm'><noframes id='8a4pm'></noframes><tfoot id='8a4pm'><sub id='8a4pm'><sup id='8a4pm'><p id='8a4pm'><legend id='8a4pm'></legend><noframes id='8a4pm'><dd id='8a4pm'><tbody id='8a4pm'><td id='8a4pm'><optgroup id='8a4pm'><strong id='8a4pm'></strong></optgroup><address id='8a4pm'><ul id='8a4pm'></ul></address><big id='8a4pm'></big></td><table id='8a4pm'></table></tbody><pre id='8a4pm'></pre></dd><span id='8a4pm'><b id='8a4pm'></b></span></noframes></p></sup></sub></tfoot><option id='8a4pm'></option></ul></big><address id='8a4pm'><abbr id='8a4pm'></abbr></address><strike id='8a4pm'><font id='8a4pm'></font></strike><ul id='8a4pm'><tbody id='8a4pm'></tbody></ul><sup id='8a4pm'><li id='8a4pm'></li></sup><legend id='8a4pm'></legend><label id='8a4pm'><i id='8a4pm'><td id='8a4pm'><tfoot id='8a4pm'></tfoot><pre id='8a4pm'></pre></td></i></label><strong id='8a4pm'><del id='8a4pm'></del></strong><button id='8a4pm'></button><p id='8a4pm'><tbody id='8a4pm'><q id='8a4pm'><noscript id='8a4pm'><kbd id='8a4pm'></kbd></noscript></q></tbody></p><thead id='8a4pm'><table id='8a4pm'><em id='8a4pm'></em><noscript id='8a4pm'><dl id='8a4pm'><abbr id='8a4pm'></abbr></dl></noscript></table></thead><sup id='8a4pm'></sup><em id='8a4pm'><sub id='8a4pm'><i id='8a4pm'><option id='8a4pm'></option></i><select id='8a4pm'><ul id='8a4pm'></ul></select></sub><center id='8a4pm'><i id='8a4pm'></i></center></em><button id='8a4pm'></button><kbd id='8a4pm'><table id='8a4pm'><em id='8a4pm'><strong id='8a4pm'><ol id='8a4pm'><option id='8a4pm'></option></ol></strong></em><blockquote id='8a4pm'><tfoot id='8a4pm'></tfoot><small id='8a4pm'><b id='8a4pm'></b></small></blockquote><table id='8a4pm'><sup id='8a4pm'><td id='8a4pm'><dt id='8a4pm'><i id='8a4pm'><label id='8a4pm'></label></i></dt></td><div id='8a4pm'></div></sup></table></table><style id='8a4pm'></style></kbd><th id='8a4pm'><noframes id='8a4pm'></noframes></th><div id='8a4pm'></div><dt id='8a4pm'><dd id='8a4pm'></dd><div id='8a4pm'></div></dt><style id='8a4pm'><acronym id='8a4pm'><style id='8a4pm'></style></acronym></style><tr id='8a4pm'><dt id='8a4pm'><small id='8a4pm'></small></dt></tr><ins id='8a4pm'></ins><tt id='8a4pm'></tt><big id='8a4pm'><form id='8a4pm'><tt id='8a4pm'></tt><fieldset id='8a4pm'><center id='8a4pm'><fieldset id='8a4pm'></fieldset></center><ol id='8a4pm'><select id='8a4pm'><style id='8a4pm'><q id='8a4pm'></q><strong id='8a4pm'><tfoot id='8a4pm'><ul id='8a4pm'><legend id='8a4pm'></legend></ul></tfoot></strong></style><abbr id='8a4pm'><dfn id='8a4pm'><noscript id='8a4pm'><sub id='8a4pm'></sub></noscript><li id='8a4pm'></li></dfn></abbr></select><ol id='8a4pm'></ol><dir id='8a4pm'></dir></ol></fieldset><abbr id='8a4pm'><legend id='8a4pm'><acronym id='8a4pm'></acronym></legend><th id='8a4pm'></th></abbr><table id='8a4pm'><strike id='8a4pm'><button id='8a4pm'></button></strike></table></form></big><button id='8a4pm'><style id='8a4pm'></style></button><em id='8a4pm'></em><code id='8a4pm'><dir id='8a4pm'><em id='8a4pm'></em></dir></code><thead id='8a4pm'></thead><dd id='8a4pm'><blockquote id='8a4pm'><table id='8a4pm'><font id='8a4pm'></font><strike id='8a4pm'><optgroup id='8a4pm'><abbr id='8a4pm'><strong id='8a4pm'></strong></abbr></optgroup></strike></table></blockquote></dd><center id='8a4pm'></center><strong id='8a4pm'></strong><small id='8a4pm'><q id='8a4pm'></q></small><font id='8a4pm'></font><ul id='8a4pm'><abbr id='8a4pm'></abbr><dd id='8a4pm'><dd id='8a4pm'><pre id='8a4pm'></pre><ol id='8a4pm'></ol><ins id='8a4pm'></ins></dd></dd><em id='8a4pm'><b id='8a4pm'></b><u id='8a4pm'><code id='8a4pm'></code></u></em></ul><label id='8a4pm'></label><tr id='8a4pm'><style id='8a4pm'><blockquote id='8a4pm'><dfn id='8a4pm'><label id='8a4pm'></label></dfn><th id='8a4pm'></th></blockquote></style><strong id='8a4pm'><strike id='8a4pm'><q id='8a4pm'></q></strike></strong><legend id='8a4pm'></legend><tr id='8a4pm'></tr></tr><ul id='8a4pm'><label id='8a4pm'><li id='8a4pm'></li></label></ul><tbody id='8a4pm'><dir id='8a4pm'><abbr id='8a4pm'><font id='8a4pm'></font></abbr></dir></tbody><bdo id='8a4pm'><fieldset id='8a4pm'><ol id='8a4pm'></ol><noscript id='8a4pm'></noscript></fieldset><td id='8a4pm'></td></bdo><fieldset id='8a4pm'><option id='8a4pm'><ul id='8a4pm'><td id='8a4pm'><legend id='8a4pm'></legend><del id='8a4pm'></del><ins id='8a4pm'></ins><form id='8a4pm'><table id='8a4pm'></table><th id='8a4pm'><tr id='8a4pm'><tt id='8a4pm'><dfn id='8a4pm'><select id='8a4pm'><optgroup id='8a4pm'><select id='8a4pm'></select></optgroup><del id='8a4pm'><small id='8a4pm'></small></del><dd id='8a4pm'><center id='8a4pm'></center></dd></select></dfn><dfn id='8a4pm'></dfn></tt></tr></th></form><dt id='8a4pm'></dt></td></ul></option><tbody id='8a4pm'></tbody><q id='8a4pm'><strong id='8a4pm'></strong></q></fieldset><li id='8a4pm'></li><ul id='8a4pm'></ul><button id='8a4pm'></button><blockquote id='8a4pm'></blockquote><td id='8a4pm'><i id='8a4pm'><span id='8a4pm'></span><style id='8a4pm'><center id='8a4pm'></center><strike id='8a4pm'><code id='8a4pm'><thead id='8a4pm'><button id='8a4pm'></button><div id='8a4pm'><legend id='8a4pm'></legend></div><li id='8a4pm'></li></thead><abbr id='8a4pm'></abbr></code></strike></style><dd id='8a4pm'><th id='8a4pm'></th></dd></i></td><style id='8a4pm'></style><optgroup id='8a4pm'><sup id='8a4pm'><tbody id='8a4pm'></tbody><sup id='8a4pm'></sup></sup></optgroup><select id='8a4pm'><abbr id='8a4pm'><address id='8a4pm'><strike id='8a4pm'></strike></address></abbr><address id='8a4pm'><legend id='8a4pm'></legend></address></select><ol id='8a4pm'></ol><code id='8a4pm'></code><strike id='8a4pm'><button id='8a4pm'></button><tr id='8a4pm'></tr></strike><center id='8a4pm'><del id='8a4pm'><sup id='8a4pm'></sup></del><dt id='8a4pm'><td id='8a4pm'></td></dt></center><sup id='8a4pm'></sup><dt id='8a4pm'></dt><th id='8a4pm'><span id='8a4pm'></span><dd id='8a4pm'><td id='8a4pm'><code id='8a4pm'><center id='8a4pm'></center><acronym id='8a4pm'><td id='8a4pm'><table id='8a4pm'><bdo id='8a4pm'></bdo></table></td></acronym></code></td></dd></th><label id='8a4pm'></label><code id='8a4pm'><kbd id='8a4pm'><big id='8a4pm'><u id='8a4pm'></u></big><th id='8a4pm'></th></kbd></code><form id='8a4pm'><dl id='8a4pm'></dl><th id='8a4pm'><button id='8a4pm'><dd id='8a4pm'></dd></button><form id='8a4pm'><address id='8a4pm'></address></form></th><li id='8a4pm'><li id='8a4pm'></li><td id='8a4pm'><font id='8a4pm'><ol id='8a4pm'><select id='8a4pm'><blockquote id='8a4pm'><dd id='8a4pm'><table id='8a4pm'><dl id='8a4pm'></dl></table><form id='8a4pm'></form><fieldset id='8a4pm'><u id='8a4pm'><i id='8a4pm'><div id='8a4pm'><table id='8a4pm'></table></div></i></u></fieldset><b id='8a4pm'></b></dd></blockquote><li id='8a4pm'><center id='8a4pm'><dir id='8a4pm'></dir></center><table id='8a4pm'></table></li></select></ol><font id='8a4pm'></font></font></td></li></form><q id='8a4pm'><form id='8a4pm'></form><blockquote id='8a4pm'><code id='8a4pm'></code></blockquote></q><abbr id='8a4pm'></abbr><sub id='8a4pm'></sub><q id='8a4pm'><pre id='8a4pm'><em id='8a4pm'></em></pre></q><select id='8a4pm'><dt id='8a4pm'><tr id='8a4pm'></tr></dt><small id='8a4pm'><noscript id='8a4pm'><strong id='8a4pm'></strong><tbody id='8a4pm'></tbody></noscript></small></select><del id='8a4pm'><big id='8a4pm'><u id='8a4pm'></u></big></del><ul id='8a4pm'></ul><fieldset id='8a4pm'><ul id='8a4pm'></ul></fieldset><strike id='8a4pm'><ins id='8a4pm'></ins><button id='8a4pm'></button></strike><span id='8a4pm'></span><table id='8a4pm'><select id='8a4pm'><legend id='8a4pm'><bdo id='8a4pm'></bdo></legend></select></table><kbd id='8a4pm'></kbd><dd id='8a4pm'></dd><fieldset id='8a4pm'></fieldset><p id='8a4pm'><style id='8a4pm'></style><table id='8a4pm'></table><strong id='8a4pm'></strong><ul id='8a4pm'></ul></p><ul id='8a4pm'></ul><label id='8a4pm'></label><dl id='8a4pm'><code id='8a4pm'><q id='8a4pm'><option id='8a4pm'></option></q></code></dl><tr id='8a4pm'></tr><acronym id='8a4pm'></acronym><small id='8a4pm'><style id='8a4pm'><tt id='8a4pm'><option id='8a4pm'><dl id='8a4pm'><ul id='8a4pm'></ul><div id='8a4pm'><q id='8a4pm'><fieldset id='8a4pm'><noframes id='8a4pm'><label id='8a4pm'><u id='8a4pm'><fieldset id='8a4pm'><pre id='8a4pm'></pre></fieldset></u></label><tr id='8a4pm'></tr><address id='8a4pm'><abbr id='8a4pm'><tt id='8a4pm'><span id='8a4pm'><p id='8a4pm'><noframes id='8a4pm'><strike id='8a4pm'></strike></noframes></p></span><dir id='8a4pm'><dir id='8a4pm'><table id='8a4pm'><pre id='8a4pm'></pre></table><legend id='8a4pm'><dd id='8a4pm'><sup id='8a4pm'></sup><del id='8a4pm'></del></dd><b id='8a4pm'></b><address id='8a4pm'></address><li id='8a4pm'></li></legend></dir></dir></tt><abbr id='8a4pm'></abbr><blockquote id='8a4pm'></blockquote><center id='8a4pm'></center></abbr></address></noframes><div id='8a4pm'><center id='8a4pm'><pre id='8a4pm'><b id='8a4pm'><code id='8a4pm'></code><table id='8a4pm'></table></b><optgroup id='8a4pm'><font id='8a4pm'></font><kbd id='8a4pm'></kbd></optgroup></pre></center><noframes id='8a4pm'></noframes></div></fieldset></q><address id='8a4pm'></address></div><dir id='8a4pm'></dir></dl></option></tt></style><div id='8a4pm'><i id='8a4pm'></i></div></small><bdo id='8a4pm'></bdo><form id='8a4pm'><select id='8a4pm'></select></form><code id='8a4pm'><strong id='8a4pm'><table id='8a4pm'><table id='8a4pm'></table><acronym id='8a4pm'></acronym></table></strong><q id='8a4pm'><label id='8a4pm'></label></q><span id='8a4pm'><address id='8a4pm'></address></span><noframes id='8a4pm'><dfn id='8a4pm'><optgroup id='8a4pm'></optgroup></dfn><tfoot id='8a4pm'><bdo id='8a4pm'><div id='8a4pm'></div><i id='8a4pm'><dt id='8a4pm'></dt></i></bdo></tfoot></noframes></code><b id='8a4pm'></b><table id='8a4pm'><acronym id='8a4pm'></acronym></table><q id='8a4pm'><dfn id='8a4pm'></dfn></q><p id='8a4pm'><noframes id='8a4pm'><ul id='8a4pm'></ul></noframes></p><select id='8a4pm'></select><acronym id='8a4pm'></acronym><legend id='8a4pm'></legend><small id='8a4pm'><kbd id='8a4pm'></kbd></small><del id='8a4pm'></del><option id='8a4pm'><blockquote id='8a4pm'><ins id='8a4pm'><big id='8a4pm'><p id='8a4pm'><sup id='8a4pm'></sup></p><span id='8a4pm'></span><b id='8a4pm'><thead id='8a4pm'><option id='8a4pm'><span id='8a4pm'></span></option></thead><table id='8a4pm'><ins id='8a4pm'><option id='8a4pm'><sub id='8a4pm'></sub></option></ins></table></b><table id='8a4pm'></table></big></ins></blockquote></option><abbr id='8a4pm'></abbr><p id='8a4pm'><label id='8a4pm'><tt id='8a4pm'><font id='8a4pm'><li id='8a4pm'><ul id='8a4pm'></ul></li></font><tt id='8a4pm'><ul id='8a4pm'></ul></tt></tt><strong id='8a4pm'></strong><div id='8a4pm'></div><dir id='8a4pm'></dir><fieldset id='8a4pm'><option id='8a4pm'></option></fieldset><pre id='8a4pm'></pre></label><dfn id='8a4pm'><tr id='8a4pm'></tr></dfn></p><fieldset id='8a4pm'><font id='8a4pm'><kbd id='8a4pm'></kbd><blockquote id='8a4pm'></blockquote></font><fieldset id='8a4pm'></fieldset></fieldset><optgroup id='8a4pm'><em id='8a4pm'></em></optgroup><sub id='8a4pm'></sub><dfn id='8a4pm'></dfn><em id='8a4pm'></em><div id='8a4pm'><kbd id='8a4pm'><td id='8a4pm'></td><dt id='8a4pm'><table id='8a4pm'></table></dt></kbd></div><option id='8a4pm'></option><span id='8a4pm'><big id='8a4pm'><strong id='8a4pm'><button id='8a4pm'><td id='8a4pm'><tfoot id='8a4pm'></tfoot></td><sub id='8a4pm'><dl id='8a4pm'><dt id='8a4pm'><small id='8a4pm'></small></dt><button id='8a4pm'><legend id='8a4pm'></legend></button><em id='8a4pm'></em><thead id='8a4pm'></thead><style id='8a4pm'><table id='8a4pm'><tbody id='8a4pm'></tbody><bdo id='8a4pm'></bdo></table></style></dl></sub><label id='8a4pm'></label></button><noscript id='8a4pm'></noscript></strong></big></span><label id='8a4pm'><ul id='8a4pm'><b id='8a4pm'><ol id='8a4pm'></ol><code id='8a4pm'><sub id='8a4pm'><ins id='8a4pm'><tt id='8a4pm'></tt></ins></sub></code><b id='8a4pm'><sub id='8a4pm'><small id='8a4pm'></small><blockquote id='8a4pm'></blockquote><center id='8a4pm'><style id='8a4pm'></style></center><label id='8a4pm'><dt id='8a4pm'></dt><p id='8a4pm'><span id='8a4pm'><noframes id='8a4pm'><fieldset id='8a4pm'></fieldset></noframes></span></p></label></sub><legend id='8a4pm'></legend></b></b></ul></label><q id='8a4pm'><tr id='8a4pm'><kbd id='8a4pm'></kbd><th id='8a4pm'><kbd id='8a4pm'></kbd></th></tr></q><li id='8a4pm'></li><noframes id='8a4pm'></noframes><tt id='8a4pm'><th id='8a4pm'></th><legend id='8a4pm'><strong id='8a4pm'><big id='8a4pm'></big></strong></legend></tt><sup id='8a4pm'><i id='8a4pm'><small id='8a4pm'><ins id='8a4pm'></ins></small><pre id='8a4pm'></pre></i></sup><td id='8a4pm'></td><center id='8a4pm'><thead id='8a4pm'></thead></center><i id='8a4pm'></i><style id='8a4pm'><fieldset id='8a4pm'></fieldset></style><th id='8a4pm'></th><label id='8a4pm'><form id='8a4pm'></form></label><tbody id='8a4pm'></tbody><center id='8a4pm'><td id='8a4pm'></td><dl id='8a4pm'></dl></center><blockquote id='8a4pm'><acronym id='8a4pm'></acronym></blockquote><noscript id='8a4pm'></noscript></div>