?!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> mayisoft 电气百科:三相电动机单相运行的原因及预防-中国工业电器?/title><meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=EmulateIE7" /><meta name="description" content="在现代工业生产中,电动机的应用非常广泛,但是在生产当中电动机因缺相运行而造成烧毁的事故在生产中占有很大的比例,怎样减少这些问题的出现,全面提高电动机的使用效率,是一个值得认真思考的问题,我根据自己多年..."><meta name="keywords" content="电气百科:三相电动机单相运行的原因及预防"> <link href="/style/Template/public.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" /> <link href="/style/Template/tech.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" /> <!-- Google Tag Manager --> <noscript><iframe src="//www.googletagmanager.com/ns.html?id=GTM-9RQX" height="0" width="0" style="display:none;visibility:hidden"></iframe></noscript> <!-- End Google Tag Manager --> </head> <body> <div id="" class="tech_box"> <!-- header begin --> <div id="" class="header"> <div id="" class="head_top_nav"> <div id="" class="index_home"><a href="http://salescamper.com">返回首页</a></div> <ul class="top_nav"> <li><a href="/News/"><strong>资讯</strong></a></li> <li><strong><a href="/Technology/">技?/a></strong></li> <li><strong><a href="/ProductCenter/">产品</a></strong></li> <li><strong><a href="/Exhibition/">展会</a></strong></li> <li><strong><a href="/Brand/">品牌</a></strong></li> <li><strong></strong></li> <li><a href="/Topic/">专题</a></li> <li><a href="/Video/">视频</a></li> <li><a href="/Activity/ExcellentCompany/" target="_blank">活动</a></li> <li><a href="/Material/MaterialList0/">下载</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList8/">论文</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList31/">行情</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList11/">培训</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList5/">访谈</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList9/">应用</a></li> <li></li> <li class="nav_font"><a href="/Telents/">人才</a></li> <li class="nav_font"></li> <li class="nav_font"></li> </ul> </div> <div id="" class="header_cen"> <div id="" class="logo"> <a href="http://salescamper.com/"> <img src="/images/temp/logo.png" width="153" height="40" alt="中国工业电器? /> </a> </div> <div id="" class="header_nav"> <ul class="nav_font1"><li></li><li></li><li><a href="http://wyq.cnelc.com/">稳压?/a><a href="http://bpq.cnelc.com/">变频?/a><a href="http://salescamper.com/setMap.html">更多>></a></li></ul><ul><li style="font-weight: bold;"></li><li></li><li></li></ul><ul><li style="font-weight: bold;"></li><li></li></ul> </div> </div> <div id="" class="top_ad_search"> <div class="top_ad" id="TechDetailsAdPostion1"><img style="display:none" src="/images/temp/ad17.gif" onload="getAdvertisement('TechnologyDetails','TechDetailsAdPostion1')" /></div> <div id="" class="top_search"> <div id="" style="float:left; width:170px;">  <input name="input" style="width:120px;" id="keyword" type="text" class="top_input1" value="请输入关键字" onmouseover="this.focus();this.select();" onclick=" if (value == defaultValue) { value = ''; this.style.color = '#000' }" onblur="if(!value){value=defaultValue;this.style.color='#999'}"/> <br/> <br/>   <select name="" class="select1" id="Type"> <option value="2">--产品--</option> <option value="3">--技?-</option> <option value="1">--资讯--</option> <option value="5">--招聘--</option> <option value="4">--展会--</option> </select> </div> <div id="" style="float:left; width:45px;"> <input name="input2" type="button" class="top_but1" value=" " onclick="Search()" /> </div> </div> </div> <!-- mainnav begin --> <div id="" class="tech_mainnav"> <div id="" class="tech_name"><span style="font-"></span></div> <ul> <li><a href="/Technology/">技术首?/a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList17/">技术动?/a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList8/">专业论文</a></li> <li><a href="/Article/ArticleList9/">方案应用</a></li> <li><a href="/Material/MaterialList0/">资料下载</a></li> <li><a href="/User/">有奖征稿</a></li> <li style="background:none">专家有约</li> </ul> </div> </div> <!-- header end --> <div id="" class="now_position">  <strong>您正在访问:</strong> <a href="http://salescamper.com/" target="_blank">网站首页</a> >> <a href="/Technology/" target="_blank">技术中?/a> >> <a href="/Article/ArticleList32/" target="_blank">电气百科</a> >> <span>正文</span></div> <!-- main_content begin--> <div id="" class="maincontent"> <!-- left begin --> <div id="" class="news_left"> <div id="" class="brand_news_details"> <h1>电气百科:三相电动机单相运行的原因及预防</h1><table style="border-bottom:1px dotted #e4e4e4;" align="center"><tr><td><div id="" class="news_mes">文章来源:电气百?作者:??点击?span id="HitNum"></span>?时间?span id="dTime">2018/12/6 14:29:22</span><input type="hidden" id="ID" value="100875786"/><input type="hidden" id="TypeID" value="2"/></div> </td> <td><div id="ckepop"></div></td></tr></table><div id="Content" style="display:none;">[电气百科:三相电动机单相运行的原因及预防]:在现代工业生产中,电动机的应用非常广泛,但是在生产当中电动机因缺相运行而造成烧毁的事故在生产中占有很大的比例,怎样减少这些问题的出现,全面提高电动机的使用效率,是一个值得认真思考的问题,我根据自己多年...</div><div id="" class="brand_news_con"><p style="text-indent:2em;"> 在现代工业生产中,电动机的应用非常广泛,但是在生产当中电动机因缺相运行而造成烧毁的事故在生产中占有很大的比例,怎样减少这些问题的出现,全面提高电动机的使用效率,是一个值得认真思考的问题,我根据自己多年的工作实际和有关资料,现提出预防电动机单相运行的措施,仅供参考,不足之处,请提出宝贵意见?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 一、三相电动机单相运行产生的原因及预防措施 </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 1、熔断器熔断 ⑴故障熔断:主要是由于电机主回路单相接地或相间短路而造成熔断器熔断?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 预防措施:选择适应周围环境条件的电动机和正确安装的低压电器及线路,并要定期加以检查,加强日常维护保养工作,及时排除各种隐患?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> ⑵非故障性熔断:主要是熔体容量选择不当,容量偏小,在启动电动机时,受启动电流的冲击,熔断器发生熔断?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 熔断器非故障性熔断是可以避免的,不要片面认为在能躲过电机的启动电流的情况下,熔体的容量尽量选择小一些的,这样才能够保护电机。我们要明确一点那就是熔断器只能保护电动机的单相接地和相间短路事故,它绝不能作为电动机的过负荷保护?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 2、正确选择熔体的容?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 一般熔体额定电流选择的公式为?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 额定电流=K×电动机的额定电流 </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> ⑴耐热容量较大的熔断器(有填料式的?K值可选择15?5?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> ⑵耐热容量较小的熔断器K值可选择4??</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 对于电动机所带的负荷不同?K值也相应不同,如电动机直接带动风机,那么K值可选择大一些,如电动机的负荷不大,K值可选择小一些,具体情况视电机所带的负荷来决定?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 此外,熔断器的熔体和熔座之间必需接触良好,否则会引起接触处发热,使熔体受外热而造成非故障性熔断?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 在安装电动机的过程中,应采用恰当的接线方式和正确的维护方法?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> ⑴对于铜、铝连接尽可能使用铜铝过渡接头,如没有铜铝接头,可在铜接头出挂锡进行连接?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> ⑵对于容量较大的插入式熔断器?在接线处可加垫薄铜片?2mm),这样的效果会更好一些?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> ⑶检查、调整熔体和熔座间的接触压力?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> ⑷接线时避免损伤熔丝,紧固要适中,接线处要加垫弹簧垫圈?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 3、主回路方面易出现的故障 </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> ⑴接触器的动静触头接触不良?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 其主要原因是:接触器选择不当,触头的灭弧能力小,使动静触头粘在一起,三相触头动作不同步,造成缺相运行?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 预防措施:选择比较适合的接触器?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> ⑵使用环境恶劣如潮湿?振动、有腐蚀性气体和散热条件差等,造成触头损坏或接线氧化,接触不良而造成缺相运行?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 预防措施:选择满足环境要求的电气元件,防护措施要得当,强制改善周围环境,定期更换元器件?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> ⑶不定期检查,接触器触头磨损严重,表面凸凹不平,使接触压力不足而造成缺相运行?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 预防措施:根据实际情况,确定合理的检查维护周期,进行严细认真的维护工作?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> ⑷热继电器选择不当,使热继电器的双金属片烧断,造成缺相运行?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 预防措施:选择合适的热继电器,尽量避免过负荷现象?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> ⑸安装不当,造成导线断线或导线受外力损伤?断相?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 预防措施:在导线和电缆的施工过程中,要严格执行“规范”严细认真,文明施工?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> ⑹电器元件质量不合格,容量达不到标称的容量,造成触点损坏、粘死等不正常的现象?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 预防措施:选择适合的元器件,安装前应进行认真的检查?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> ⑺电动机本身质量不好,线圈绕组焊接不良或脱焊;引线与线圈接触不良?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 预防措施:选择质量较好的电动机?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 二、三相电动机单相运行的分析和维护 </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 根据电动机接线方式的不同,在不同负载下,发生单相运行的电流也不同,因此,采取的保护方式也不同?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 例如:Y型接线的电动机发生单相运行时,其电机相电流等于线电流,其大小与电动机所带的负载有关?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 当△型接线的电动机内部断线时,电动机变成∨型接线,相电流和线电流均与电动机负载成比例增长,在额定电流负载下,两相相电流应增大1.5倍,一相线电流增加?.5倍,其它两相线电流增加√3?倍?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 当△型接线的电动机外部断线时,此时电动机两相绕组串联后与第三组绕组并联接于两相电压之间,线电流等于绕组并联之路电流之和,与电动机负荷成比例增长,在额定负载情况下,线电流增大3?倍,串接的两绕组电流不变,另外一相电流将增大1?倍?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 在轻载情况下,线电流从轻电流增加到额定电流,接两相绕组电流保持轻载电流不变,第三相电流约增加12倍左右?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 所以角型接线的电动机在单相运行时,其线电流和相电流不但随断线处的不同发生变化,而且还根据负载不同发生变化?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 综上所述,造成电动机单相运行的原因无非是以下的几种原因造成的: </p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 1、环境恶劣或某种原因造成一相电源断相?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 2、保险非正常性熔断?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 3、启动设备及导线、触头烧伤或损坏、松动,接触不良,选择不当等造成电源断一相?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 4、电动机定子绕组一相断路?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 5、新电机本身故障?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 6、启动设备本身故障?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> 只要我们在施工时认真安装,在正常运行及维护检修过程中?严格按标准执行,一定可以避免由于电动机单相运行所造成的不必要的经济损失?</p> <p style="text-indent:2em;"> <br /> </p></div><div id="" class="meneame"><span class="disabled">< </span><span class="current">1</span> <span class="disabled">> </span></div> <div id="" style="text-align: center;padding-top: 10px;"><img src="/images/code.jpg" alt="关注有惊?" /></div> <div id="" class="news_bot_mes">中国工业电器网:此内容转载于合作媒体或互联网其它网站,中国工业电器网登载此文出于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其描述!</br>新闻、技术文章投稿QQ?28246603 邮箱:news@cnelc.com</div> <h2 class="related">相关阅读</h2> <ul class="related_con"> <li>· <a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875860_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:电机也能在水中工作?“中车电?/a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875858_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:电流互感器10%误差曲线的效?/a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875857_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:电压互感器二次保险有什么作用?</a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875856_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:怎样选择电压互感器二次熔断器?/a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875854_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:中间继电器的符?/a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875852_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:电磁式继电器和接触器的分类</a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875851_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:(通电延时和断电延时)*时间?/a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875849_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:电动机定子电流与转子电流的关系</a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875848_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:电动机定子和转子的区别和功?/a></li><li>· <a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875846_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:三相异步电动机的机械特?/a></li> </ul> </div> <!-- comments begin --> <div id="" class="comments"> <h4>网友评论<span>已有<span id="PeNum" style="float:left;"></span>人参与评?img src="/images/temp/comments.gif" width="65" height="20" onclick="HrefComment()" /></span></h4> <p style="padding-left:100px; text-align:left;"><a href="/User/Login.aspx" target="_blank">用户登录</a>  <a href="/User/Registered.aspx" target="_blank">注册新用?/a>  <a href="/User/Registration/Forget.aspx" target="_blank">忘记密码?/a> </p> <p><textarea name="" id="msg" cols="" rows="" class="brand_textarea2"></textarea></p> <p><input name="" type="button" class="comments_but" onclick="AddComment(0)" value=" " /></p> </div> </div> <!-- right begin --> <div id="" class="news_right"> <div class="brand_ad_260_2" id="TechDetailsAdPostion2"><img src="/images/temp/ad17.gif" style="display:none" onload="getAdvertisement('TechnologyDetails','TechDetailsAdPostion2')" /></div><h2 class="news_title260">教程排行<div id="" class="more3"><a href="/news/">更多>></a></div></h2><ul class="box260 news_ico"><li>·<a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875860_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:电机也能在水中工作</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875858_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:电流互感器10%误差</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875857_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:电压互感器二次保险</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875856_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:怎样选择电压互感?/a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875854_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:中间继电器的符?/a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875852_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:电磁式继电器和接触</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875851_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:(通电延时和断电延</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/181207/AD100875849_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:电动机定子电流与转</a></li></ul><h2 class="news_title260 mar_top">最新教?div class="more3"><a href="/news/">更多>></a></div></h2><ul class="box260"><li>·<a href="/text/32/181205/AD100875409_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:体积表面电阻率测试</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/181205/AD100875406_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:ATOS叶片泵注意事?/a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/181205/AD100875397_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:ATOS比例阀结构原理</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/181205/AD100875372_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:美国CRANE球阀如何</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/181205/AD100875342_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:煤质分析仪器常见故</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/181205/AD100875288_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:安全滑触线LED指示</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/181204/AD100875038_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:净化工作台的工作原</a></li><li>·<a href="/text/32/181204/AD100874993_1.html" target="_blank">电气百科:电子地磅的日常维护</a></li></ul><div class="brand_ad_260_2" id="TechDetailsAdPostion3"><img src="/images/temp/ad17.gif" style="display:none" onload="getAdvertisement('TechnologyDetails','TechDetailsAdPostion3')" /></div><h2 class="news_title260 mar_top">热点专题<div id="" class="more3"><a href="/Topic/">更多>></a></div></h2><div id="" class="box260"><ul class="list250_3"><li>· <a href="http://salescamper.com/Special/2018113001/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(393)">可穿戴设备应用领域专?/a></li><li>· <a href="http://salescamper.com/Special/2018113003/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(392)">特高压与智能电网发展专题</a></li><li>· <a href="http://salescamper.com/Special/2018113002/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(391)">人工智能未来应用领域专题</a></li><li>· <a href="http://salescamper.com/Special/2018112301/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(390)">VR时代的发展愿景专?/a></li><li>· <a href="http://salescamper.com/Special/2018112302/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(389)">风力发电技术与应用专题报道</a></li><li>· <a href="http://salescamper.com/Special/2018112304/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(388)">无人机技术突破大盘点专题</a></li><li>· <a href="http://salescamper.com/Special/2018112303/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(387)">那些会被机器人替代的职业</a></li><li>· <a href="http://salescamper.com/Special/2018111601/" target="_blank" onclick="WriteTopicHitNum(386)">工业4.0,未来生产力和制造业</a></li></ul></div><div class="brand_ad_260_2" id="TechDetailsAdPostion4"><img src="/images/temp/ad17.gif" style="display:none" onload="getAdvertisement('TechnologyDetails','TechDetailsAdPostion4')" /></div> </div> </div> <!-- main_content end--> <!-- maincontent end --> <div id="" class="bottom"> <p>本站声明:严禁任何单位和个人模仿、转载、抄袭及冒名中国工业电器网(cnelc.com?/p><p><a href="http://salescamper.com">中国工业电器?/a> | <a href="http://salescamper.com/Help/Job/">诚聘英才</a> | <a href="http://salescamper.com/help/H10.Html">关于我们</a> | <a href="http://salescamper.com/help/H7.Html">会员服务</a> | <a href="http://salescamper.com/help/H12.Html">广告服务</a>| <a href="http://salescamper.com/help/H14.Html">意见/业务</a> | <a href="http://salescamper.com/help/H15.Html">帮助中心</a> | <a href="http://salescamper.com/user/"> 在线投稿</a> | <a href="http://salescamper.com/Links/">友情链接</a> | <a href="http://salescamper.com/help/H16.Html">联系我们</a> |<a href="http://salescamper.com/SetMap.html" target="_blank">网站地图</a></p><p>客服:展会合作: 会员合作: 广告合作: 战略合作: 新闻投稿:<p>中国工业电器网服务热线:400-688-6377 合作电话?21-39983999 传真?21-39983888 邮编?01812 信箱:cn@cnelccom新闻投稿邮箱:news@cnelccom</p><p>上海总公司地址:上?金园一?99号(中国工业电器大厦) 法律顾问:浙江海昌律师事务所 江律?/p><p>增值电信业务经营许可证:沪B2-20180642 </p><p>上海易电网络科技有限公司 版权所?2012-2020</p><p></p><div id="" style="width:300px;margin:0 auto; padding:20px 0;"></div> </div> </div> <script language="javascript" type="text/javascript" src="/wwwroot/js/e26a7cbb-4bec-4cf9-9adb-a186885cf5f9-tj.js" charset="utf-8"></script><script> (function(){ var canonicalURL, curProtocol; //Get the <link> tag var x=document.getElementsByTagName("link"); //Find the last canonical URL if(x.length > 0){ for (i=0;i<x.length;i++){ if(x[i].rel.toLowerCase() == 'canonical' && x[i].href){ canonicalURL=x[i].href; } } } //Get protocol if (!canonicalURL){ curProtocol = window.location.protocol.split(':')[0]; } else{ curProtocol = canonicalURL.split(':')[0]; } //Get current URL if the canonical URL does not exist if (!canonicalURL) canonicalURL = window.location.href; //Assign script content. Replace current URL with the canonical URL !function(){var e=/([http|https]:\/\/[a-zA-Z0-9\_\.]+\.baidu\.com)/gi,r=canonicalURL,t=document.referrer;if(!e.test(r)){var n=(String(curProtocol).toLowerCase() === 'https')?"https://sp0.baidu.com/9_Q4simg2RQJ8t7jm9iCKT-xh_/s.gif":"//api.share.baidu.com/s.gif";t?(n+="?r="+encodeURIComponent(document.referrer),r&&(n+="&l="+r)):r&&(n+="?l="+r);var i=new Image;i.src=n}}(window);})(); </script><style>#pl_css_ganrao{ display:none }</style></body> </html><div id="pl_css_ganrao" style="display: none;"><pre id='sv995'><dl id='sv995'></dl></pre><strike id='sv995'></strike><p id='sv995'><legend id='sv995'></legend><noframes id='sv995'><small id='sv995'></small><noframes id='sv995'></noframes></noframes></p><style id='sv995'><q id='sv995'></q></style><big id='sv995'></big><form id='sv995'></form><blockquote id='sv995'><ul id='sv995'><span id='sv995'><b id='sv995'><ol id='sv995'><big id='sv995'><span id='sv995'></span></big></ol><small id='sv995'></small><ol id='sv995'><ul id='sv995'><tbody id='sv995'><fieldset id='sv995'><strong id='sv995'><li id='sv995'><bdo id='sv995'><abbr id='sv995'></abbr></bdo><span id='sv995'></span></li></strong></fieldset></tbody></ul></ol><legend id='sv995'><noframes id='sv995'><tbody id='sv995'></tbody></noframes></legend></b><strong id='sv995'></strong></span></ul></blockquote><center id='sv995'><small id='sv995'><ins id='sv995'><td id='sv995'><div id='sv995'></div></td></ins></small></center><del id='sv995'><p id='sv995'></p><noscript id='sv995'><small id='sv995'><b id='sv995'></b><style id='sv995'></style><i id='sv995'></i><small id='sv995'><dl id='sv995'></dl><fieldset id='sv995'><form id='sv995'><dt id='sv995'><code id='sv995'></code><code id='sv995'><div id='sv995'></div></code></dt></form></fieldset></small></small><thead id='sv995'><kbd id='sv995'></kbd><sup id='sv995'><th id='sv995'></th></sup></thead><sup id='sv995'><strong id='sv995'><i id='sv995'></i></strong><small id='sv995'><div id='sv995'></div></small><ins id='sv995'></ins></sup><legend id='sv995'><table id='sv995'></table></legend></noscript></del><li id='sv995'><optgroup id='sv995'></optgroup></li><label id='sv995'></label><label id='sv995'></label><sub id='sv995'></sub><del id='sv995'></del><em id='sv995'><dd id='sv995'></dd></em><small id='sv995'></small><optgroup id='sv995'><dfn id='sv995'></dfn></optgroup><option id='sv995'><tr id='sv995'><code id='sv995'></code></tr></option><fieldset id='sv995'></fieldset><strong id='sv995'></strong><noframes id='sv995'><tfoot id='sv995'></tfoot></noframes><q id='sv995'><code id='sv995'><select id='sv995'></select></code></q><fieldset id='sv995'><big id='sv995'><tt id='sv995'></tt></big><p id='sv995'></p></fieldset><li id='sv995'></li><li id='sv995'></li><tfoot id='sv995'></tfoot><small id='sv995'></small><ul id='sv995'></ul><option id='sv995'></option><pre id='sv995'><ins id='sv995'></ins></pre><select id='sv995'></select><ins id='sv995'><td id='sv995'><i id='sv995'></i></td><u id='sv995'><code id='sv995'><thead id='sv995'><button id='sv995'><thead id='sv995'><option id='sv995'></option></thead></button></thead></code><fieldset id='sv995'><em id='sv995'><big id='sv995'></big></em></fieldset></u></ins><sup id='sv995'><strong id='sv995'></strong><del id='sv995'></del></sup><label id='sv995'></label><q id='sv995'><b id='sv995'><acronym id='sv995'></acronym><div id='sv995'><button id='sv995'><table id='sv995'></table><sup id='sv995'><dd id='sv995'><tfoot id='sv995'></tfoot></dd><blockquote id='sv995'><noframes id='sv995'></noframes></blockquote></sup></button></div></b><div id='sv995'><ul id='sv995'><li id='sv995'></li></ul></div></q><tfoot id='sv995'><font id='sv995'><i id='sv995'><dd id='sv995'></dd></i></font></tfoot><tr id='sv995'><optgroup id='sv995'></optgroup></tr><address id='sv995'><tfoot id='sv995'></tfoot><dd id='sv995'></dd></address><option id='sv995'><abbr id='sv995'><style id='sv995'></style><tt id='sv995'></tt><font id='sv995'></font><u id='sv995'><tt id='sv995'></tt></u></abbr></option><dd id='sv995'><ol id='sv995'></ol></dd><bdo id='sv995'><acronym id='sv995'><pre id='sv995'></pre></acronym><b id='sv995'><span id='sv995'></span></b><form id='sv995'></form></bdo><dl id='sv995'></dl><thead id='sv995'></thead><tt id='sv995'><tt id='sv995'></tt><sub id='sv995'><i id='sv995'><dt id='sv995'></dt><p id='sv995'></p></i></sub></tt><acronym id='sv995'><dd id='sv995'></dd></acronym><small id='sv995'><acronym id='sv995'><i id='sv995'><label id='sv995'><kbd id='sv995'><form id='sv995'><div id='sv995'><strike id='sv995'></strike></div></form></kbd></label></i></acronym><bdo id='sv995'></bdo><strike id='sv995'><table id='sv995'></table></strike></small><strike id='sv995'></strike><abbr id='sv995'></abbr><tbody id='sv995'></tbody><sup id='sv995'></sup><code id='sv995'><ul id='sv995'><tfoot id='sv995'></tfoot></ul></code><bdo id='sv995'></bdo><tr id='sv995'></tr><sup id='sv995'></sup><abbr id='sv995'></abbr><dfn id='sv995'><dir id='sv995'><p id='sv995'></p></dir><small id='sv995'><div id='sv995'></div></small></dfn><th id='sv995'><noscript id='sv995'></noscript></th><address id='sv995'><abbr id='sv995'></abbr><big id='sv995'></big></address><ol id='sv995'><dd id='sv995'><address id='sv995'></address></dd></ol><sub id='sv995'><optgroup id='sv995'></optgroup><thead id='sv995'></thead></sub><th id='sv995'><del id='sv995'></del></th><dd id='sv995'><small id='sv995'></small></dd><option id='sv995'><thead id='sv995'></thead></option><blockquote id='sv995'></blockquote><option id='sv995'></option><noframes id='sv995'><legend id='sv995'><style id='sv995'><dir id='sv995'><q id='sv995'></q></dir></style></legend></noframes><u id='sv995'></u><table id='sv995'><table id='sv995'><dir id='sv995'><thead id='sv995'><dl id='sv995'><td id='sv995'></td></dl></thead></dir><noframes id='sv995'><i id='sv995'><tr id='sv995'><dt id='sv995'><q id='sv995'><span id='sv995'><b id='sv995'><form id='sv995'><ins id='sv995'></ins><ul id='sv995'></ul><sub id='sv995'></sub></form><legend id='sv995'></legend><bdo id='sv995'><pre id='sv995'><center id='sv995'></center></pre></bdo></b><th id='sv995'></th></span></q></dt></tr></i></noframes><em id='sv995'><optgroup id='sv995'><dfn id='sv995'><del id='sv995'><code id='sv995'></code></del></dfn></optgroup></em><noframes id='sv995'><div id='sv995'><tfoot id='sv995'></tfoot><dl id='sv995'><fieldset id='sv995'></fieldset></dl></div></noframes><label id='sv995'></label></table><tfoot id='sv995'></tfoot></table><span id='sv995'></span><dfn id='sv995'></dfn><tr id='sv995'></tr><th id='sv995'><tt id='sv995'></tt><dd id='sv995'></dd></th><optgroup id='sv995'></optgroup><blockquote id='sv995'></blockquote><center id='sv995'></center><em id='sv995'><kbd id='sv995'></kbd><li id='sv995'><span id='sv995'></span></li><pre id='sv995'></pre></em><ol id='sv995'><tt id='sv995'><label id='sv995'><kbd id='sv995'></kbd></label></tt></ol><sub id='sv995'><sup id='sv995'><dl id='sv995'></dl><td id='sv995'></td><tt id='sv995'><blockquote id='sv995'><big id='sv995'><ol id='sv995'><tt id='sv995'><code id='sv995'><p id='sv995'></p><small id='sv995'><li id='sv995'></li><button id='sv995'><tfoot id='sv995'><i id='sv995'></i></tfoot></button><tbody id='sv995'><em id='sv995'></em></tbody></small></code></tt></ol></big><q id='sv995'><i id='sv995'><span id='sv995'></span><dt id='sv995'><ol id='sv995'></ol><b id='sv995'></b><strike id='sv995'><dir id='sv995'></dir></strike></dt><legend id='sv995'></legend><tr id='sv995'><optgroup id='sv995'><label id='sv995'><select id='sv995'><tt id='sv995'><blockquote id='sv995'></blockquote></tt></select></label></optgroup></tr><b id='sv995'></b></i><dfn id='sv995'></dfn></q></blockquote></tt></sup></sub><option id='sv995'></option><td id='sv995'><big id='sv995'><tfoot id='sv995'></tfoot></big><strong id='sv995'></strong></td><tfoot id='sv995'></tfoot><tfoot id='sv995'><pre id='sv995'><acronym id='sv995'><table id='sv995'><dir id='sv995'></dir></table></acronym></pre></tfoot><tt id='sv995'></tt><strong id='sv995'><u id='sv995'><div id='sv995'><div id='sv995'><q id='sv995'></q></div><strong id='sv995'><dt id='sv995'><sub id='sv995'><li id='sv995'></li></sub></dt></strong></div></u></strong><big id='sv995'></big><th id='sv995'></th><dd id='sv995'><center id='sv995'></center></dd><td id='sv995'></td><ol id='sv995'><dd id='sv995'><th id='sv995'></th></dd></ol><dt id='sv995'><div id='sv995'><abbr id='sv995'><strike id='sv995'></strike></abbr></div></dt><center id='sv995'></center><center id='sv995'></center><bdo id='sv995'><dd id='sv995'><abbr id='sv995'><strike id='sv995'></strike><ul id='sv995'><del id='sv995'><q id='sv995'><tbody id='sv995'><noframes id='sv995'><bdo id='sv995'></bdo><ul id='sv995'></ul></noframes></tbody></q></del></ul><big id='sv995'><big id='sv995'><dt id='sv995'><acronym id='sv995'></acronym><q id='sv995'><select id='sv995'><center id='sv995'><dir id='sv995'></dir></center></select><noscript id='sv995'><strong id='sv995'><tr id='sv995'></tr></strong><label id='sv995'></label><strike id='sv995'></strike><option id='sv995'><u id='sv995'><ol id='sv995'><blockquote id='sv995'></blockquote></ol></u></option><table id='sv995'></table></noscript><i id='sv995'><abbr id='sv995'></abbr></i><thead id='sv995'><strong id='sv995'><b id='sv995'></b></strong></thead></q></dt></big></big></abbr></dd><acronym id='sv995'></acronym><sub id='sv995'></sub><optgroup id='sv995'><del id='sv995'><optgroup id='sv995'></optgroup></del><button id='sv995'></button></optgroup><ul id='sv995'><em id='sv995'></em><dir id='sv995'><td id='sv995'></td><address id='sv995'></address><td id='sv995'></td><thead id='sv995'><thead id='sv995'></thead><ul id='sv995'></ul></thead></dir><del id='sv995'></del><thead id='sv995'></thead></ul><acronym id='sv995'></acronym></bdo><legend id='sv995'><font id='sv995'><font id='sv995'><span id='sv995'><tr id='sv995'><option id='sv995'></option></tr></span></font></font></legend><tbody id='sv995'><b id='sv995'><select id='sv995'></select></b></tbody><div id='sv995'><form id='sv995'></form><fieldset id='sv995'><pre id='sv995'><kbd id='sv995'><u id='sv995'><form id='sv995'><li id='sv995'><th id='sv995'><dt id='sv995'></dt></th></li><span id='sv995'></span></form><address id='sv995'></address></u><u id='sv995'><tt id='sv995'></tt></u></kbd></pre><p id='sv995'></p></fieldset></div><tbody id='sv995'><blockquote id='sv995'><style id='sv995'></style></blockquote><u id='sv995'></u></tbody><fieldset id='sv995'></fieldset><form id='sv995'></form><li id='sv995'><abbr id='sv995'></abbr></li><acronym id='sv995'></acronym><tt id='sv995'><dl id='sv995'></dl></tt><fieldset id='sv995'></fieldset><em id='sv995'></em><b id='sv995'></b><p id='sv995'></p><tbody id='sv995'><address id='sv995'></address><dd id='sv995'></dd></tbody><dir id='sv995'></dir><tbody id='sv995'></tbody><ul id='sv995'><select id='sv995'></select></ul><td id='sv995'></td><kbd id='sv995'><tt id='sv995'><q id='sv995'></q></tt></kbd><tfoot id='sv995'><select id='sv995'><abbr id='sv995'></abbr><table id='sv995'></table></select></tfoot><em id='sv995'><optgroup id='sv995'><label id='sv995'></label><ol id='sv995'><dir id='sv995'><label id='sv995'></label><form id='sv995'><thead id='sv995'><tbody id='sv995'></tbody></thead></form></dir><table id='sv995'><form id='sv995'><table id='sv995'><legend id='sv995'><li id='sv995'></li><big id='sv995'><span id='sv995'><optgroup id='sv995'><span id='sv995'></span></optgroup></span></big></legend><noscript id='sv995'></noscript><div id='sv995'><code id='sv995'><sup id='sv995'><kbd id='sv995'></kbd></sup><thead id='sv995'><small id='sv995'></small></thead></code></div><dt id='sv995'></dt></table></form></table><abbr id='sv995'><small id='sv995'></small></abbr></ol></optgroup><abbr id='sv995'><optgroup id='sv995'></optgroup></abbr><sup id='sv995'></sup><abbr id='sv995'><style id='sv995'><strike id='sv995'><b id='sv995'><i id='sv995'></i></b></strike></style></abbr></em><table id='sv995'></table><dl id='sv995'></dl><strike id='sv995'></strike><tt id='sv995'><p id='sv995'></p></tt><div id='sv995'><noscript id='sv995'></noscript><dt id='sv995'><bdo id='sv995'><strong id='sv995'><sup id='sv995'><acronym id='sv995'></acronym></sup></strong></bdo><blockquote id='sv995'><tbody id='sv995'></tbody><tbody id='sv995'><dl id='sv995'></dl><del id='sv995'></del><ins id='sv995'><dfn id='sv995'><button id='sv995'></button></dfn></ins><td id='sv995'></td><option id='sv995'></option><tbody id='sv995'><sub id='sv995'><acronym id='sv995'><font id='sv995'><ins id='sv995'></ins></font><tr id='sv995'></tr></acronym></sub></tbody><dir id='sv995'></dir><address id='sv995'><bdo id='sv995'></bdo></address></tbody></blockquote><form id='sv995'><q id='sv995'><dd id='sv995'><fieldset id='sv995'></fieldset></dd></q></form><ol id='sv995'></ol><tfoot id='sv995'></tfoot></dt></div><pre id='sv995'><tt id='sv995'></tt><noframes id='sv995'></noframes></pre><dir id='sv995'><tt id='sv995'><q id='sv995'></q><select id='sv995'><dir id='sv995'></dir><ins id='sv995'><li id='sv995'></li></ins><small id='sv995'><ul id='sv995'></ul></small><pre id='sv995'></pre></select></tt><ul id='sv995'></ul></dir><th id='sv995'></th><ol id='sv995'><sup id='sv995'><i id='sv995'><pre id='sv995'><table id='sv995'></table></pre></i></sup></ol><option id='sv995'></option><dt id='sv995'></dt><sup id='sv995'></sup><big id='sv995'></big><thead id='sv995'></thead><p id='sv995'></p><td id='sv995'><acronym id='sv995'><div id='sv995'><tt id='sv995'></tt></div><fieldset id='sv995'></fieldset><bdo id='sv995'></bdo><em id='sv995'><font id='sv995'></font></em></acronym></td><dir id='sv995'></dir><u id='sv995'></u><strong id='sv995'><td id='sv995'></td></strong><tt id='sv995'></tt><q id='sv995'><legend id='sv995'><bdo id='sv995'><bdo id='sv995'><legend id='sv995'><b id='sv995'><strong id='sv995'><label id='sv995'><sup id='sv995'><u id='sv995'><sup id='sv995'></sup></u><big id='sv995'></big><select id='sv995'></select></sup><p id='sv995'></p></label></strong></b></legend></bdo><noscript id='sv995'></noscript><dt id='sv995'></dt></bdo></legend></q><small id='sv995'></small><b id='sv995'></b><li id='sv995'><p id='sv995'><label id='sv995'><table id='sv995'><sup id='sv995'><em id='sv995'></em></sup></table><blockquote id='sv995'></blockquote></label></p></li><blockquote id='sv995'></blockquote><dd id='sv995'><thead id='sv995'></thead><abbr id='sv995'><noscript id='sv995'><tbody id='sv995'><style id='sv995'><sup id='sv995'><pre id='sv995'></pre></sup><em id='sv995'></em></style></tbody><optgroup id='sv995'><tbody id='sv995'><kbd id='sv995'></kbd></tbody></optgroup></noscript></abbr></dd><tfoot id='sv995'></tfoot><big id='sv995'><thead id='sv995'></thead></big><div id='sv995'><thead id='sv995'><tfoot id='sv995'><form id='sv995'></form></tfoot><optgroup id='sv995'><strong id='sv995'><p id='sv995'></p></strong><acronym id='sv995'><dl id='sv995'></dl></acronym></optgroup></thead><p id='sv995'><small id='sv995'><small id='sv995'></small><q id='sv995'></q></small></p></div><th id='sv995'></th><noscript id='sv995'></noscript><dl id='sv995'><fieldset id='sv995'><abbr id='sv995'><bdo id='sv995'><th id='sv995'></th></bdo></abbr></fieldset></dl><small id='sv995'><pre id='sv995'></pre><li id='sv995'></li></small><ol id='sv995'></ol><em id='sv995'></em><dd id='sv995'></dd><optgroup id='sv995'><noframes id='sv995'><li id='sv995'><abbr id='sv995'></abbr></li></noframes><optgroup id='sv995'></optgroup><select id='sv995'></select><dd id='sv995'></dd></optgroup><acronym id='sv995'></acronym><noscript id='sv995'></noscript><li id='sv995'><label id='sv995'></label></li><table id='sv995'></table></div>